Golden Alexanders

golden alexanders (Zizia aurea)
golden alexanders (Zizia aurea)

Common Names adn Latin name

Golden alexanders and golden zizia.

Zizia aurea


Golden alexanders is in the Apiaceae which is the celery and carrot Family.  


A perennial that grows to a height of about 1 to 3 feet and just about as wide.  It prefers partial shade and relatively moist soils.


Yellow flowers appear in the spring and summer.

a black swallowtail laying eggs on a golden alexanders (Zizia aurea)
a black swallowtail laying eggs on a golden alexanders (Zizia aurea)


Golden alexanders (Zizia aurea) is found naturally occurring in forested areas from Levy County northward.  It is considered rare in Florida.

Native Range

It is native to the following states: AL, AR, CT, DC, DE, FL, GA, IA, IL, IN, KS, KY, LA, MA, MD, ME, MI, MN, MO, MS, MT, NC, ND, NE, NH, NJ, NY, OH, OK, PA, RI, SC, SD, TN, TX, VA, VT, WI, and WV.

It is found in Florida from Levy County northward.

Landscape Use

Golden alexanders is a great addition to a butterfly garden if you have a moist area for it to grow in.  It stays rather short and is well behaved, and really beautiful when it is in bloom.

You can let it reseed where the plants are grown in order to have more plants, but it flowers best if it is kept deadheaded.   Seedlings can be transplanted or removed as needed.

Wildlife Uses

The flowers are a source of nectar for many insects including bees, beetles, flies, and wasps.

Golden alexanders is a host plant for the Eastern black swallowtail butterfly. 

You can read more about this butterfly here in my article Gardening for the Black Swallowtail Butterfly. 


Can be grown from seed and transplanted when small. 

Seed requires a 90 day cold stratification in order to germinate. Once placed in a potting medium they can take 2 to 4 weeks to germinate.  This seed requires patience.

You can purchase seeds here at my Ebay Store – Golden Alexanders (Zizia aurea) ✤ 50 Seeds.

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