Carolina redroot and paint root.
Synonyms: Gyrotheca tinctoria, Gyrotheca tinctorium, Lachnanthes caroliniana, Lachnanthes tinctoria, and Lachnanthes tinctorium
Carolina redroot is in the Haemodoraceae, or bloodwort, family.
Carolina redroot is a perennial that grows to a height of about 3 feet with characteristics much like an iris.
The leaves are flat and sword shaped much like iris leaves. The roots and rhizomes produce a red sap when injured.
The flowers are yellowish brown in color and have three petals. They are born in terminal clusters. Blooms appear in the spring, summer and fall.
Carolina Redroot (Lachnanthes caroliana) occurs naturally in swamps, bogs, riparian areas, swales, wet ditches, wet prairies, and wet forests.
It is native to the following states: AL, CT, DE, FL, GA, LA, MA, MD, MS, NC, NJ, NY, RI, SC, TN, and VA.
It is an perennial that likes full sun to part shade with consistently moist soil. It is a good choice for problem wet areas.
Be sure to plant it in large masses so that it doesn’t get lost in the landscape. If you are growing it for wildlife use this is especially important to provide enough flower nectar, and seeds, for your wildlife visitors.
The flowers are a nectar source for butterflies and bees. The seeds are a favorite of sandhill cranes.
Small plants, and rhizomes, of Carolina redroot can be easily transplanted. It can also be grown from seed, but the seeds do need 90 days of cold stratification.