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Ilex ambigua

Carolina Holly

Habit: Deciduous shrub with light gray bark.  Rarely 20 ft. in height. Leaves: Alternate, simple with crenate to serrate margins, 1 - 4 in. long, and 1/2 -  2 in. wide. Flowers: Male flowers are borne in clusters, and the female flowers are solitary.  Dioecious.  Fruit: Mature fruit is red, 3/16 - 5/16 in. in diameter.  Habitat: Found in mixed woods, and sand ridges.

Ilex cassine

Dahoon Holly

Habit: Evergreen tree, with gray, smooth trunk, reaching a height of 40 feet. Leaves: Alternate, simple, 1 1/4 - 5 1/2 in. long, margins entire to toothed, tips have a small bristle. Flowers: Small, white, with four petals.  Dioecious.  Fruit: Red, yellow, or orange berries, 1/4 - 3/8 in. in diameter. Habitat: Edges of rivers, and streams, wet hammocks, and moist sites.

Ilex decidua

Possumhaw holly

Habit: Deciduous understory tree up to 32 ft. Leaves: Alternate, simple, spatulate to obovate, from 1 - 3 in. long and 1/2 - 1 3/4 in. wide, margins are entire to crenate.  Flowers: Found singly, or a small cluster in the leaf axils.  Dioecious.  Fruit: Red, yellow, or orange, 3/16 - 3/8 in. in diameter, with a 3/4 in. long stalk. Habitat: Flood plains, wet thickets, infrequently on well drained slopes or ridges

Ilex glabra

Gallberry

Habit: Evergreen shrub to 9 ft.  Spreads by underground runners. Leaves: Margins entire to somewhat toothed, elliptic to slightly obovate, 1 3/8 - 2 in. long. Flowers: Dioecious.  Mostly singly in the leaf axils. Fruit: Black, 3/16 - 1/4 in. in diameter. Habitat: Pine savannas, flatwoods, bogs, seepage areas, and acid prairies.

Ilex opaca

American Holly

Habit: An evergreen tree reaching 50 ft. in height. Leaves: Alternate, simple, thick & leathery, dark green, 1 1/8 - 4 3/4 in. long and 3/4 - 2 1/8 in. wide, margins spiny toothed with sharp bristles. Flowers: Dioecious.  Small and arising at the leaf axils. Fruit: Bright red and 1/4 - 1/2 in. in diameter. Habitat: Mesic, sub-mesic, river banks, and flood plain woods.

Ilex vomitoria

Yaupon Holly

Habit: Evergreen shrub or small bushy tree, may reach 25 ft..  Sprouts appear at the roots                     commonly forming dense thickets. Leaves: Alternate, simple, dark green, elliptic to oval, 1/4 - 1 1/8 in. long and 1/4 - 1 in. wide Flowers: Dioecious.  Small and borne in the axils. Fruit: Bright red berry, 1/4 in. in diameter Habitat: Coastal dunes, woodlands, pine flatwoods.  It generally inhabits well drained soils, but                  can be found along streams and wet woodlands.

Hollies in Central Florida

hog plum growing underneath a pine (Ximenia americana) hog plum growing underneath a pine (Ximenia americana) hog plum growing underneath a pine (Ximenia americana) hog plum growing underneath a pine (Ximenia americana) hog plum growing underneath a pine (Ximenia americana) hog plum growing underneath a pine (Ximenia americana)
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